Truck Driver Regulations Explained

Truck driver regulations are essential for promoting road safety and compliance today. As a truck driver, you must stay up-to-date with all applicable laws, including hours of service (HOS) regulations and electronic logging devices (ELD). These rules ensure that motor carriers and their drivers have sufficient rest periods to remain safe during transportation and commercial vehicle operations.

Hours of Service (HOS) Regulations

If you’re driving a large truck, safety is your top priority. That’s why the Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration (FMCSA) has hours-of-service (HOS) regulations. 

The basic rule for HOS is that truck drivers can drive up to 11 hours daily and complete up to 14 total work hours (including driving time) within the same day. Additionally, truckers cannot drive more than 8 consecutive hours without a 30-minute break.

An electronic logging device (ELD) is attached to a truck’s engine and records all the hours the driver drives. This data is then compared against the hours of service regulations set forth by the FMCSA and used for any discrepancies or violations. Additionally, this data is easily accessible by parties involved in the delivery process, which means that companies can monitor the progress of their shipments to ensure that their drivers are meeting driving standards.

As a thought leader in the truck driving school industry, Witte Bros. provides truck drivers with the knowledge and experience they need to remain compliant with the rigorous HOS regulations set forth by the FMCSA. With our trucking regulations and requirements expertise, Witte Bros is the best choice for all your truck driving needs. Contact us today for more information!

Rest Breaks and Off-Duty Time

When it comes to rest breaks and time off from driving, truck drivers have a wide range of options available to them. They can use their 30-minute break to refuel and grab a bite. This break also allows some time away from the wheel for relaxation and stretching. Some truckers may take a longer break and stay at an overnight rest stop or hotel. This allows them to get some needed rest and use any other amenities offered by the rest stop or hotel.

During their time off from driving, truckers also have several other options. Some drivers use this time for errands, such as visiting the post office or running personal errands. Other drivers may take time off for outdoor recreational activities like hiking or fishing. Whatever activity drivers choose during their time off from driving, they must remain mindful of the regulations set forth by the FMCSA and take appropriate safety precautions.

At Witte Bros., we instill the importance of safety and take the appropriate steps to follow all truck driver regulations. Terry Butler attended the school for truck drivers at Witte Bros. and is now a Witte trainer. Butler said, “Be sure to get your rest for each drive, day or night!” We understand the importance of following truck driver regulations and take every measure to ensure our drivers remain compliant. 

34-Hour Restart

The 34-hour restart is a vital regulation within the HOS rules. It exists to help truck drivers get the rest they need to remain safe on the road and avoid fatigue. The 34-hour restart gives drivers a fresh 70-hour clock to work with. Under the FMCSA’s HOS rules, all truck drivers must not exceed 70 hours of driving. However, if drivers take 34 consecutive hours off-duty, they can restart the clock on their driving limit. For example, a driver who had driven for 70 hours in one week could take 34 hours off and reset their clock to 70 hours if desired.

Driver’s Daily Log

A driver’s daily log is essential for truckers to help them stay compliant with the FMCSA Hours of Service regulations. A driver’s daily log, also known as a “driver’s logbook,” is an electronic or paper record that drivers must maintain to document their hours worked, miles driven, and other information related to their work.

A driver’s daily log must include the following information:

  • The date of the start and end of each day;
  • The total number of driving and on-duty hours for that day;
  • The total number of miles driven;
  • The name and address of each dispatch point and destination; and
  • Documentation for all rest periods taken throughout the day.


It is crucial that drivers accurately record this information in their daily log, as failure to do so can result in costly fines, license suspension or revocation, and even criminal charges depending on the severity of the violation.

Drivers should also remember to keep their logs up-to-date throughout the day as they drive electronically or manually on paper logs. Electronic logging devices (ELDs) are an excellent tool for drivers to record their hours and movements accurately. However, as with any technology, there might be instances when ELDs don’t work correctly due to technical glitches or connectivity issues, making it crucial for drivers to be familiar with paper logs as a dependable backup method. In such situations, having a reliable alternative like paper logs ensures consistent compliance with regulations and accurate record-keeping, offering a safeguard against unexpected technological challenges.

To ensure that drivers remain compliant with FMCSA hours of service regulations and guidelines, it is essential that they properly use and maintain their daily log to reflect their time on the road accurately. Truckers can remain compliant and avoid costly fines, license suspension or revocation, and even criminal charges by keeping an accurate driver’s log.

Consequences of Not Following Regulations

Truck drivers risk severe consequences if they do not follow the hours of service regulations. All drivers must understand and follow the rules set forth by the FMCSA to avoid these penalties and keep everyone safe on the road. Potential penalties for not following truck driver regulations may include:

  • Fines for non-compliance with HOS regulations
  • License suspension or revocation
  • Criminal charges for extreme violation severity, most likely resulting in an accident
  • Increased risk of accidents due to driver fatigue
  • Loss of job and wages in the event of a license suspension or revocation
  • Risk to public safety due to negligent drivers who haven’t followed HOS regulations.
  • Potential for costly litigation in an accident due to driver fatigue.


Witte Bros. is a leader in the truck driving school industry, and we are committed to helping our students understand and comply with all relevant regulations. Our experienced instructors know truck driver regulations and can provide you with the skills necessary for the safe, compliant operation of commercial vehicles. With Witte Bros., you will be prepared and confident as you embark on your career as a truck driver. 

Contact Witte Bros Today

At Witte Bros., we are experts in truck driver regulations and take every measure to ensure drivers remain compliant. With our expertise in trucking regulations, Witte Bros. is the best choice for all your trucking needs. We will provide you with the knowledge and support needed to become a successful trucker who can keep up with the latest rules and regulations. Whether you are looking to apply for a truck driving school or become a student trainee, Witte Bros. is here to help you succeed in the trucking industry. With our comprehensive training and support, you can rest assured that your trucker career will be safe and successful.